The Mayor or Monroeville was responsible for all village finances and was also authorized to sit as the judge. The Mayor convicted and fined petitioner for traffic violations. Almost half of the village funds were derived from the fines and fees imposed by the Mayor’s court. Petitioner filed complaint stating he was denied a trial before an impartial judge contrary to the Due Process Clause under the Fourteenth Amendment.
Petitioner’s due process rights were violated because he is entitled to a hearing before a disinterested and impartial judge. The mayor was neither.